Studies indicate that cocaine addiction occurs because euphoric feelings last for a shorter time frame compared to other drugs. After snorting, the effects commonly disappear in about an hour’s time, which leads to snorting more in order to maintain a high. The short-term effects lead to binge dosing and addicts taking multiple doses.
Additionally, while high, users feel a greater sense of control, physical endurance and courage. In this state, individuals may become inclined to engage in risky behaviors that threaten health and safety. Cocaine addiction occurs easily because users frequently abuse the drug in social settings however they don’t realize the health effects that escalate quickly as a result.Cocaine addiction can lead to cardiac arrest, damage to the nose, and other drug abuse habits.
The drug interferes with the pleasure center of the brain, which affects the production and release of dopamine and serotonin. With chronic use, the central nervous system comes to rely on the drug as a mood stabilizer. Abusers must keep using to achieve the desired effect. The repetitious cycle leads to more frequent use and eventual addiction.
However, as brain chemistry changes, addicts begin experiencing various unwanted symptoms. The drug user may display aggression or paranoia. Hallucinations may develop, causing individuals to have traits similar to schizophrenia. Stimulants decrease appetite, leading to malnutrition and weight loss. The compound also constricts blood vessels, leading to increased blood pressure, pulse, body temperature and possible heart attack or stroke.
Detoxification is the first step in overcoming the dependence. Symptoms of withdrawal are much less severe with this substance compared to alcohol or heroin abuse and include agitation, general fatigue, increased appetite, vivid dreams and depression.
Severe depression is the most troubling side effect experienced when breaking the habit. Some may suffer suicidal tendencies. Rehab specialists are well aware of this consequence, and clients often receive prescription antidepressant medications to combat the effect until brain chemistry normalizes.
The goal of addiction recovery includes educating clients about the compound and learning techniques to resist relapse. The depressant effects often cause individuals to return to substance abuse. Continuing recommended medications, attending scheduled therapy sessions and establishing a strong support group help prevent addicts from falling back into the cycle of addiction following treatment.
Following initial rehab, practitioners strongly suggest that recovering clients attend relapse prevention programs for three months or longer. Willpower and commitment to sobriety are strengthened by ongoing support. If you or someone you love is ready to stop the cycle and need help, discuss the problem with an addiction specialist. Call (617) 336-0107 today and start your road to recovery..